Thanjavur District is the Rice Bowl of Tamil Nadu. It was the cultural capital of the country in 1790. Thanjavur gained prominence during the period of Chola Kings, who made it as their capital. Thereafter, it was ruled by Nayaks and Maratta Kings, who nurtured art and culture.
The cultural, the architectural and the scholarly pursuits of these rulers are reflected in the great monuments like Brihadeeshwara Temple, Grand Anaicut, Serfoji Mahal Library etc. in the district. Thanjavur is the only district having temples for all Navagrahas and is famous for artistic Thanjavur brass plate and for manufacture of musical instrument Veena. Thanjavur also boasts of hosting Tanjore painting, a painting style unique to the region.
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